The hottest military packaging development trend o

2022-07-30
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US military packaging development trend

introduction

without military logistics revolution, there would be no military revolution. In order to build a modern army in the 21st century, an unprecedented military logistics revolution is unfolding in the U.S. Army with an unstoppable momentum. Logistics will no longer be a supply based system that depends on a large amount of inventory. It is rapidly becoming a computer-based system based on distribution. The six basic principles of this military logistics revolution embody the essence of future logistics, namely, a closely connected logistics system, logistics support based on distribution, full asset visibility, flexible infrastructure, rapid troop delivery, and a logistics booth with appropriate scale. In the military logistics revolution, the army envisions the organic combination of information technology and logistics technology to completely change the way the US Army will be delivered and maintained in the future

as an important factor in logistics science and the cornerstone of logistics system, packaging plays a decisive role in this military logistics revolution, and its future development is closely related to this military logistics revolution. The future development direction of military packaging will affect the success or failure of this military logistics revolution to a certain extent. Combined with the characteristics of this military logistics revolution, the US military packaging will develop in the following directions:

1. The containerized transportation of military materials will develop in the direction of supporting

constitute a high-performance modified plastic and plastic wood product system for multiple utilization fields. 2. Pay attention to the development and application of new packaging technologies and materials

3. Information technology will be widely used in military packaging

4. Comprehensive protective packaging will still be the focus of future development

5. Pay attention to the development and application of functional materials

6. Military material packaging is developing towards low cost and high efficiency

I. the containerized transportation of military materials is developing in the direction of supporting.

as early as the Second World War, the US military used palletized packaging to transport ammunition and other materials. Because palletized and containerized packaging has the characteristics of high efficiency, convenient management and use, suitable for air delivery, air transportation and cost saving, it has been greatly developed after World War II. The packaging of 105mm tank ammunition of the US Army is to fix 30 or 35 metal packaging barrels on a metal pallet to form a reusable unit packaging. One unit package can be used for one-time loading of a tank. When loading, just open the metal end cover to take out the shells, and the ammunition feeder will automatically feed the shells into the tank, which is very convenient. As the handling and loading and unloading of containerized materials require special equipment, its application scope and location are limited

in the military logistics revolution carried out by the US Army, Norman, deputy chief of staff for logistics of the US Army's equipment department Major general Williams proposed to "replace the quantitative logistics system with the speed logistics system", that is, to change the logistics from a supply based system that relies on a large amount of inventory to a computer network based system that relies on distribution. For example, in Europe, the time required to transport ammunition in containers from warehouses to troops has been reduced from 74 days to 34 days; Since june1995, the time for applying for transportation of materials has been reduced from 34 days and 23 days to 18 days and 9 days respectively for regions with great differences such as South Korea and Fort Hood, Texas. The palletized loading system composed of one truck (m1074 or m1075), one Trailer (m1076) and two detachable cargo platforms (m1077) plays an important role in this military logistics revolution. With the help of its own material handling equipment, this system can complete the loading and unloading within 5 minutes without additional manpower and only rely on the crew. After improving the cargo platform of the system, it can transport containers, bulk cargo, medical modules, liquid cargo and so on. Each platform can carry 16.5 tons of goods, and each system can transport 33 tons of goods. Moreover, the system is equipped with a driver image intensifier (DVE) and a mobile tracking system (MTS), so that the system has all-weather mobility and can keep in touch with the command post at any time, so that the command post can accurately grasp the movement of a specific equipment on the battlefield and give orders to the fleet at any time according to the changes of tactical conditions. During the experiment of the pallet loading system conducted by the National Training Center (NTC), the truck equipped with the driver image intensifier was dubbed "Midnight Express" by the company officers participating in the experiment because of its excellent night vision ability

therefore, containerization, with its incomparable advantages, will still be an important development direction of military packaging in the future, and the containerized transportation of materials will develop in the direction of supporting

II. Pay attention to the development and application of new packaging technologies and materials

modern war has developed from three-dimensional land, sea and air war to four-dimensional and five-dimensional war. In order to meet the needs of material protection under the conditions of modern war, the US military continues to develop and utilize new technologies and materials and apply them to military packaging. In the coming period, the US military will further develop in intelligent packaging, anti explosion packaging, ultra-high function packaging, anti-static packaging, anti electromagnetic packaging, anti infrared packaging, anti radiation packaging, nanotechnology and nano materials

nanotechnology and nano materials are the most widely used high technologies in the packaging field abroad. The United States has applied nanotechnology to develop nano compliant packaging materials, which has made the packaging materials have a variety of ultra-high physical and chemical properties, and has epoch-making significance in improving the packaging function. In terms of anti explosion packaging, the United States took the lead in testing the anti explosion packaging of detonators in the 1980s, and then conducted a series of studies on the anti explosion packaging of initiating explosive devices. The U.S. military has successfully developed a kind of anti explosion packaging material filled in the container for packaging explosives. The material is a composite material mixed with adhesive, which can be cast. It has the characteristics of light weight, porous, absorbing dynamic shock wave and shock absorption. When this material is filled into the packaging container, it can not only prevent the explosives in one container from being killed, but also prevent the explosives in other adjacent containers from being killed

the national Oak Ridge Research Institute of the United States has proposed the scheme of waterproof and moisture-proof coated paper tube for improving paper tube packaging, and selected four kinds of coating coatings. The UK has developed a kind of double-function coating which combines the anti-corrosion and lubrication functions organically and mainly consists of molybdenum disulfide and molybdic acid. The coating is applied to the projectile, gun and barrel, which not only overcomes the shortcomings of traditional methods, but also has anti-corrosion function and lubrication function. It reduces the friction between the projectile and barrel, and improves the ballistic speed and firing accuracy. The US military has also successfully developed a kind of packaging material that can be filled in the packaging container to prevent "explosion". The material is a composite material mixed with adhesive and can be cast. It has the characteristics of light weight, porous, absorbing dynamic shock wave and shock absorption

III. information technology will be widely used in military packaging.

in the military logistics revolution of the US Army, logistics support based on distribution requires logistics personnel to master battlefield information in time. If the information can be controlled, the logistics response time can be shortened, and the logistics support can change from passive response to predictable use of resources. The information system of the new era will provide the logistics personnel with a common and accurate battlefield picture, so that the logistics personnel have the advantage of tactical information. With the rapid development of information technology, the combination of information and logistics technology is an inevitable trend. The application of two-dimensional and even three-dimensional bar code, radio frequency technology and other information technologies in the field of military packaging has greatly strengthened the transparency of inner packaging, improved the rapid response ability, and made the management of materials easier. In Bosnia, in order to speed up the flow of supplies, strategic packaging, radio frequency tags, transport tracking systems and automated waybill system cards were used. The use of the transport coordinator automated transport information system, coupled with the application of two-dimensional bar codes, has greatly enhanced material deployment activities in Bosnia. The use of radio frequency tags (which kind of experiment should be done according to the specific requirements of users) and fixed or hand-held inquirers has produced obvious results in material tracking. In 1998, a distribution center in Pennsylvania handled more than 6900 goods with radio frequency labels on their outer packages. In the Gulf War, the US Army developed an automated manifest system. The system uses the laser memory card as the data storage medium to provide detailed information about the materials contained in the containers, thus helping the U.S. military quickly transfer thousands of sea containers and air pallets piled up in ports and airports to their destinations

in order to further develop and utilize information technology, the US Defense Logistics Agency has recently been designated as the lead agency for implementing automated information technology. This plan includes the use of laser memory cards, RFID tags, smart cards, bar codes and other technologies for logistics

IV. comprehensive protective packaging will be the focus of future development

with the rapid development of modern detection and guidance technologies such as radar, infrared, laser and millimeter wave, as well as the gradual application of neutron and microwave bombs in the military, modern war has become more technologically advanced, and the battlefield environment is deteriorating day by day. It is difficult to effectively protect the internal materials only by a single packaging of military materials. The continuous application of high and new technologies in weapons and equipment makes modern high-tech weapons and equipment integrate light, machinery and electricity, thus putting forward higher requirements for its packaging. Its protection is not only limited to the traditional moisture-proof and moisture-proof, but also takes into account the damage of electromagnetic, radiation and other new environmental factors to the temporary stability of weapon prices. Therefore, In the future, the packaging of military materials, especially high-tech weapons and equipment, will inevitably continue to develop in the direction of multi-functional protection. With the progress of science and technology, various photochemical functional materials, stealth functional materials, conductive functional materials, moisture-proof and anti-static composite films, anti-static buffer materials and other new materials have been successfully developed, which also provides a technical guarantee for the realization of comprehensive protective packaging

v. pay attention to the development and application of functional materials

the so-called functional materials refer to special materials and their composites that can transfer, convert or store materials, energy and information. This kind of material generally has the characteristics of light weight, easy processing, special functions or special uses, strong specificity, large added value, etc. According to the functional sources of materials, they can be divided into structural functional materials and composite functional materials. Because it has the characteristics that other materials do not have, it has a very broad development prospect in military packaging

with the rapid development of infrared detection technology and electromagnetic wave detection technology, it has posed a fatal threat to weapon systems and other military materials and equipment. The development and application of stealth functional materials play an important role in the stealth technology of weapon systems and military packaging. Stealth technology is one of the key military technologies in the world. Therefore, great attention has been paid to it at home and abroad, and a lot of research work has been carried out. In terms of conventional weapons, the United States has carried out a lot of work on the stealth of tanks and missiles and has successively applied them to equipment. For example, the m1a1 tank of the United States used radar wave and infrared stealth materials, and the T-80 tank of the former Soviet Union was also coated with stealth paint.

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